In our intentions and inclinations to commit sin, we meet with strange hinderances, if we mark them When we intend mischief, God sends many stops to hinder us, as if to say, Take heed what you do. Greeting. 2 Peter 2:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 2 Peter 2:4, NIV: "For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but sent them to hell, putting them in chains of darkness to be held for judgment;" 2 Peter 2:4, ESV: "For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, but cast them into hell and committed them to chains of gloomy darkness to be kept until the judgment;" The meaning seems to be, that they are confined in that dark prisonhouse as if by chains. Σειρά is a cord or band, sometimes of metal. (10-16) But as making high pretences to liberty and purity. Believers are cautioned against false teachers, and the certainty of their punishment shown from examples. (d) Bound them with darkness as with chains: and by darkness he means that most miserable state of life that is full of horror. CHAPTER 2. 2 Peter 3:3–4 3 knowing this first of all, that scoffers will come j in the last days with scoffing, k following their own sinful desires. Such are condemned already, and the wrath of God abides upon them. Peter didnot say where he was sending the letter. They are "reserved" unto hell's "mist of darkness" as their final "judgment" or doom, and meanwhile their exclusion from the light of heaven is begun. The third instance of God’s vengeance is so prolonged by the addition respecting Lot, that the apodosis is wanting, the writer in his eagerness having lost the thread of the construction. We believe that 1 Peter was his first letter to thesereaders. The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust to be punished when. Close. His wisdom and power will surely effect the purposes of his love, and the engagements of his truth; while wicked men often escape suffering here, because they are kept to the day of judgment, to be punished with the devil and his angels.10-16 Impure seducers and their abandoned followers, give themselves up to their own fleshly minds. It is they and they alone who are put on a level with the Old Testament prophets.” (Green) iii. (Confirming One’s Calling and Election. (See Note on Matthew 5:22.). 2 And many shall follow their pernicious ways; by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. 3. The Power of God’s Promise. 2 Peter 2 – The Rise and Fall of False Teachers A. 9 The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished: 10 But chiefly them that walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government. The word here used occurs nowhere else in the New Testament, though it is common in the Classical writers. Only here in New Testament. Peculiar to Peter and Jude. Yet it is possible for the children of the Lord, living among the most profane, to retain their integrity; there being more power in the grace of Christ, and his dwelling in them, than in the temptations of Satan, or the example of the wicked, with all their terrors or allurements. Originally of the gloom of the nether world, So Homer: When Ulysses meets his mother in the shades, she says to him: "How didst thou come, my child, a living man, For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast. Compare the Job 10:21-22 notes, and Matthew 5:22 note. Significantly, Peter saw this authority invested in the apostles, not in him alone. The best texts, however, substitute σιροῖς or σειροῖς, pits or caverns. and of Aza and Azael, angels, who, they say, sinned by lusting after the daughters of men, they frequently affirm, that God cast them down from their holiness (l), and that he , "cast them down below in chains" (m); and that God cast them down from their holiness from above; and when they descended, they were rolled in the air--and he brought them to the mountains of darkness, which are called the mountains of the east, and bound them "in chains" of iron, and the chains were sunk into the midst of the great deep (n): and elsewhere they say (o), that God cast them down from their holy degree, out of heaven--from their holy place out of heaven--and bound them in "chains" of iron, in the mountains of "darkness". Outward temporal good things are the wages sinners expect and promise themselves. When God sends destruction on the ungodly, he commands deliverance for the righteous. 2020-08-17. of Sol. Most biblical scholars have concluded Peter is not the author, considering the epistle pseudepigraphical. But cast them down to hell - Greek ταρταρώσας tartarōsas - "thrusting them down to Tartarus." Whereby are given unto us Or "by which", that is, glory and virtue; by the glorious power of Christ, or by the glorious and powerful Gospel of Christ; and so the Arabic version renders it, "by both of which"; or "by whom", as the Vulgate Latin version reads; that is, by Christ; for as in him are all the promises of God, so they are at his dispose, and by him are given unto the saints: 5 And God did not spare the ancient world—except for Noah and the seven others in his family. 2 Peter 1:3–4 August 26, 2014. 1st Peter #7 - Suffering Leads to Sinning or Serving. Update: 2020-08-31 1. 3. St. Peter is giving proofs of his assertion that the punishment of the ungodly lingereth not. Let the sins of others be troubles to us. fol. If the sin be universal, the punishment shall likewise extend to all. Hence St. Peter uses it as an argumentum ad hominem against them, and St. Jude, recognising the allusion, adopts it and makes it more plain; or both writers, knowing the Book of Enoch well, and calculating on their readers knowing it also, used it to illustrate their arguments and exhortations, just as St. Paul uses the Jewish belief of the rock following the Israelites. fire prepared for the devil and his angels. It was regarded, commonly, as beneath the earth; as entered through the grave; as dark, dismal, gloomy; and as a place of punishment. But there were also false prophets among the people, even as there will be false teachers among you, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, even denying the Lord who bought them, and bring on themselves swift destruction. So, the readers of both letters were probably the same people. John Piper is founder and teacher of desiringGod.org and chancellor of Bethlehem College & Seminary. (4) For if God.—The sentence has no proper conclusion. ), The angels that sinned.—Better, the angels for their sin: it gives the reason why they were not spared, and points to some definite sin. When men are entangled, they are easily overcome; therefore Christians should keep close to the word of God, and watch against all who seek to bewilder them. 1 Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ have received a faith as precious as ours:. 2. vid. (See Note there.) 21 For it had been better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after they have known it, to turn from the holy commandment delivered unto them. 45. Angels were cast down from all their glory and dignity, for their disobedience. See how God dealt with the old world. Matt. 4. 2 Grace and peace be yours in abundance through the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord. Jude 6; other manuscripts in 2 Peter read “pits of Tartarus.” Tartarus : a term borrowed from Greek mythology to indicate the infernal regions. 17 These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever. 1, 2; cv. This entire chapter is a prophecy of the great apostasy foretold by Christ himself and by Paul, Peter and John. ((o) Zohar in Numb. And none have more cause to tremble, than those who are bold to gratify their sinful lusts, by presuming on the Divine grace and mercy. 1st Peter #8 - Pray for the Best, Prepare for the Worst. Those who stood are called in Scripture, the holy angels. The false teachers and their judgment (2 Peter 2:1-3).Historical illustration of Divine judgment on the wicked, and care of the righteous (2 Peter 2:4-10 a). He would think it strange for supposed papal authority to be credited to him. Slaves of Tartarus (called "the abyss," or "deep," Lu 8:31; "the bottomless pit," Re 9:11) may also come upon earth. Yet though such a case is deplorable, it is not utterly hopeless; the leper may be made clean, and even the dead may be raised. “Great and precious promises”: That is, the promises of abundant and eternal life. Spots [they are] and blemishes, sporting themselves with their own deceivings while they feast with you;" This is speaking of those who profess to know God, but are really not His. 2 Peter 1:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 2 Peter 1:4, NIV: "Through these he has given us his very great and precious promises, so that through them you may participate in the divine nature, having escaped the corruption in the world caused by evil desires." 1. 25. In the midst of their talk of liberty, these men are the vilest slaves; their own lusts gain a complete victory over them, and they are actually in bondage. 4 For God did not spare even the angels who sinned. 84. 4 And because of his glory and excellence, he has given us great and precious promises. & 9. Share. 3 And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not, and their damnation slumbereth not. 22 But it is happened unto them according to the true proverb, The dog is turned to his own vomit again; and the sow that was washed to her wallowing in the mire. 2 Peter 2:4 For if God did not spare angels when they sinned (), but cast them into hell and committed them to pits of darkness, reserved for judgment; (NASB: Lockman). CHAPTER 1. (1) The presence and work of false teachers. But with chains of darkness confining them in Tartarus. 2 Peter 1:4. 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